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민간의료보험 가입 및 가입유형별 의료이용 특성 분석

작성자
의료정책연구소
작성일
2016-06-16 14:34
조회
544
민간의료보험 가입 및 가입유형별 의료이용 특성 분석
Healthcare Utilization and Expenditure Depending on the Types of
Private Health Insurance in Korea

연구자 : 이정찬, 박재산, 김한나, 김계현
학술지 : 한국병원경영학회지 제19권 제4호
발행처 : 한국병원경영학회
발행년도 : 2014

【차 례】
Ⅰ. 서론
1. 연구배경
2. 연구목적
Ⅱ. 연구방법
1. 분석자료 및 연구대상
2. 분석변수
3. 분석방법
Ⅲ. 연구결과
1. 연구대상자의 일반적 특성
2. 민간의료보험 가입 유형별 의료이용의 차이
3. 민간의료보험 가입 유형별 의료이용 특성
Ⅳ. 논의
Ⅴ. 결론

Since the introduction of National Health Insurance(NHI) in 1977, it has grown rapidly and contributed to extend patientʼs access to the health care services. However, limited coverage for health care services of NHI has been ongoing challenge and private health insurance(PHI) has been rising as an alternative source of enhancing coverage and saving out-of-pocket(OOP) expenditure for patients. In this study, after controlling for socio-demographic, economic, health related variables, we identified the patientsʼ healthcare utilization and subsequent OOP expenditure depending on their PHI enrollment and their enrollment types(fixed benefit, indemnity, fixed benefit plus indemnity).
Data were collected from the 2010 Korean Health Panel. The unit of analysis was a member of household(n=13,324).
Of the 13,324 cases, 70.7% of patients held PHI, in detail, fixed benefit(47.0%), indemnity(3.6%), fixed benefit plus indemnity(20.1%). Major findings showd that patients who enrolled in PHI used more outpatient services(outpatient visit, number of physician visit, number of examination) and spent more OOP expenditure than non-PHI patients. There were also differences of healthcare utilization and OOP expenditure among the types of PHI. In addition, PHI patients used more inpatient services(inpatient use, number of hospitalization, LOS), but there was no significant difference between PHI and non-PHI patients with regard to the OOP expenditure. Thus, we could not find any distinct relationship between the types of PHI and patientsʼ tertiary hospital use. Policy-makers should need careful political deliberation for monitoring the effect of PHI on health care utilization and subsequent expenditure not only to improve patientsʼ coverage but also to save their OOP expenditures.